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Fresco is a technique of mural painting implemented on a freshly laid lime plaster. This technique has been known for over 10,000 years now. The pigment is mixed with water on a thin layer of wet, fresh, lime plaster. The wet plaster absorbs the pigment and dries off in a few hours. A chemical reaction fixes the pigment particles in the plaster. After this the painting stays on for centuries in fresh and brilliant colours.

Famous ancient fresco from the Ajanta Caves, made during the Gupta period